Learning factors in a foreign-language classroom context

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Rodrigo Tovar Viera https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4970-5234
Jhonny Tapia Calama

Keywords

actitud, ansiedad en el aula, aprendizaje del idioma, motivación

Resumen

La motivación es uno de los factores de aprendizaje que influye considerablemente no solo en las actitudes de los estudiantes hacia el lenguaje, sino también determina el grado de ansiedad del estudiante. El presente estudio examina los factores que inciden en el aprendizaje de inglés como lengua extranjera (LE). El cuestionario basado en el modelo de Gardner (1985), AMTB fue el instrumento que identificó: actitudes (idioma inglés y situación de aprendizaje), motivación (intrínseca y extrínseca) y ansiedad. 295 estudiantes de LE del Centro de Idiomas de la Universidad Técnica de Cotopaxi, Ecuador, fueron encuestados, 160 mujeres y 135 hombres. El análisis de datos realizados con el software SPSS revela que la mayoría de los estudiantes, independientemente de su género, tienen una actitud positiva hacia el idioma inglés y su aprendizaje. Por lo que la motivación intrínseca reporto un incremento significativo. Asimismo, un gran número de los estudiantes de LE manifestaron sentir ansiedad por el lenguaje, sin embargo; las mujeres indicaron tener más confianza. 

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