Distritos de riego. Alternativa sustentable para el desarrollo económico del Alto Humea-Meta (Colombia)


Ernesto Leonel Chávez Hernández
Juan Manuel Ochoa Amaya
Luz Gladys Yarime Peña Ulloa


Sostenibilidad, distritos de riego, recurso hídrico


The right to water is part of public policy in Colombia. The management of the resource, through irrigation districts, is favored by Law 41 of 1993. This law encourages the participation of the beneficiaries through the transfer for its administration (IDB, 1995). Thus, since 1976 these were developed in different parts of the national geography as those of the Atlantic Coast, Valle del Cauca, Boyacá and some smaller distributed throughout the Colombian territory.

On the other hand, it is the function of the State to guarantee the construction of infrastructure according to the demand. Thus the development of these projects is debated between main

and secondary works of the State, while the intraprediales are aided by the private sector, users of irrigation districts. In the present article these are examined as a sustainable alternative aimed at the economic development of Alto Humea, analyzing its viability and sustainability as a general objective. For this purpose, through a literature review,  different  theories on environmental valuation in relation to water were analyzed, seeking an evaluation of the situation when taking into account the different categories in relation to shadow prices and the reasons for the price of the DNP account. Finally, it was found that the socio-economic indicators of the municipalities are worrisome, hindering the optimal development of the quality of life   as follows: 50% of the population has UBN, precariousness in public services, illiteracy and displacement due to armed conflict.


Los datos de descargas todavía no están disponibles.
Abstract 221 | PDF Downloads 111


Banco Mundial. (1991). Libro de consulta para Evaluación Ambiental.

Barranca de Upía. (S.F). Barranca de Upía - Meta. Obtenido de www.barrancadeupia meta.gov.co/indicadores_anuales. shtml?apc=bexx-1-&x=2137585

Cabuyaro. (S.F). CABUYARO - META. Obtenido de http://www.cabuyaro-meta.gov.co/ informacion_general.shtml#economia

Cumaral. (S.F). Cumaral - Meta. Obtenido de http://www.cumaral-meta.gov.co/ informacion_general.shtml

DANE. (2016). Censo Nacional Agropecuario. Bogortá: GIT Área de Comunicación Environment., A. a. (1991). U.S. DEPARTMENT

GUDYNAS, Eduardo. Ecología, mercado y desarrollo. Políticas ambientales, libre mercado y alternativas. Vintén Editores. 2da. edición, Instituto Ecología Política, Santiago de Chile. 1997.

MACVE, Richards. Accounting for environmental cost. In: Richards, Deanna, (ed.) The industrial green game: Implications for environmental design and management. National Academy Press, Washington, USA, pp. 185-199. (1997).

Medina. (S.F). Medina - Cundinamarca. Obtenido de http://www.medina- cundinamarca.gov.co/informacion_ general.shtml#economia ojo no está dentro del texto.

Ministerio de agricultura y desarrollo territorial. (25 de enero de 1993). LEY 41 DE 1993. Obtenido de Diario Oficial No. 40.731.: https://www.minagricultura.gov. co/Normatividad/Leyes/Ley%2041%20 de%201993.pdf

Paratebueno. (S.F). Paratebueno - Cundinamarca. Obtenido de http://www. paratebueno-cundinamarca.gov.co/ informacion_general.shtml

Postel, S. (1999). Pillar of Sand: Can The Irrigation Miracle Last?

Ramirez, M. Á. (1998). Análisis de la política de adecuación de tierras en Colombia. En Planeación y desarrollo. Revista del Departamento Nacional de Planeación. Vol. XXIX. Núm. 2. Bogotá.

Rosegrant, M. W. (2002). World Water and Food to 2025. Washington D.C.